Hyundai Kona: Motor Driven Power Steering / Description and operation

Description
MDPS (Motor Dirven Power Steering) system uses an electric motor to assist the steering force and it is an engine operation independent steering system.
MDPS control module controls the motor operation according to information received from the each sensor and CAN (Controller Area Network),
resulting in a more precise and timely control of steering assist than conventional engine-driven hydraulic systems. Components (Steering Angle Sensor, Torque Sensor, Fail-safe relay, etc.) of the MDPS system are located inside the steering column. MDPS unit assembly, steering column, and MDPS unit assembly must not be disassembled for inspection. They must be replaced if necessary.
Motor Driven Power Steering
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Components and components location
Components 1. Steering wheel 2. Steering column 3. MDPS motor 4. MDPS ECU 5. Tid rod end 6. Bellows 7. Steering gear box 8. Dust cover 9. Univ ...

Other information:

Ford Fusion 2013–2020 Owners Manual: Audio Unit - Vehicles With: SYNC
WARNING: Driving while distracted can result in loss of vehicle control, crash and injury. We strongly recommend that you use extreme caution when using any device that may take your focus off the road. Your primary responsibility is the safe operation of your vehicle. We recommend against th ...

Hyundai Kona (OS) 2018-2022 Service Manual: Heated Steering wheel Specifications
Specifications Item Specification Voltage 13.5V Heated pad resistance 1.55 - 1.95 Ω [22°C (71.6°F)] NTC resistance 8.875 - 11.27 kΩ ...

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